Canada has a long history of welcoming immigrants and facilitating their integration into Canadian society.
A look at the influx of immigrants in the country since 2001 indicates that it is between 221,352 and 262,236 immigrants per annum.
In 2017 the government of Canada had announced that it is ready to welcome more than one million migrants in the next three years. The number of migrants is projected to increase by 340,000 in 2020.
The Canadian government has three reasons to encourage immigration:
- The social component – The country welcomes immigrants who have family members already living in Canada
- The humanitarian component – Canada has an open policy to welcoming refugees and asylum seekers if they meet the eligibility criteria
- The economic component – The country encourages immigrants to work and settle in the country and contribute to economic growth.
The influx of immigrants has peaked since 1993 and it continues to grow. More than 90 percent of immigrants tend to settle down in and around large cities such as Vancouver, Toronto or Montreal. They make up about 7 per cent of Toronto’s and Vancouver’s total population and make up over 5 per cent of Montreal’s population.
A comparison of immigration trends between Canada and United States reveals that many migrants in the US are from Latin America while a major percentage of Canada’s immigrants come from Asia with major countries being India, China, Philippines and Pakistan.
An analysis of the country of origin of immigrants reveals that in the 1970s, the majority were from European nations. But today migrants come here from almost 20 countries.
A 2016 analysis of immigrant population’s country of origin indicated that the highest number of immigrants came from India followed by China and the Philippines.
Canada plans to continue its policy of welcoming immigrants to the country while acknowledging their contribution to the country’s economic growth.
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