According to the latest Congressional report, there will be an end to the current discrimination in the US labor market. withdrawing the country quota from the most sought-after Green Cards will end the current this discrimination. It would allow countries like India and China to dominate the path to American citizenship. Green card permits a person to stay and work in the United States. Indian-American that come to the US having H-1B work visa suffers the most due to the current immigration system. As these highly skilled persons have only seven percent country quota on allotment of Green Cards or the Legal Permanent Residency (LPR).

An independent research wing of Congress CRS said, many expect from Indian and Chinese nationals would dominate the flow of new employment-based LPRs if the per-country cap for employment-based immigrants was removed. For as many years as needed to clear out the accumulated queue of prospective immigrants from those countries.

The CRS prepares regular reports on different issues for the lawmakers. One such report as ‘Permanent Employment-Based Immigration and the Per-country Ceiling’ was made available to PTI on December 21. Ahead of the new Congress beginning January 3, wherein several lawmakers are planning to introduce legislation to eliminate per-country quota for issuing Green Cards to foreign nationals.

Looking on stats of last year: –

  1. According to the USCIS figures- A total of 306,601 Indian nationals (mostly IT Professionals) were waiting in queue for green Card as of April 2018
  2. Out of 395,025 foreign nationals, 78 percent Indian Constitute are waiting for Green Cards in just one category of employment-based LPR applications.
  3. The CRS said, the waiting period for the majority of Indians to get Green card is 9 and half years due to the cap.
  4. Where India is followed by China with 67,031 in line for Green Cards.

“A handful of countries could conceivably dominate employment-based immigration, possibly benefitting certain industries that employ foreign workers from those countries, at the expense of foreign workers from other countries and other industries that might employ them,” the CRS said.

Promoters of increasing employment-based immigration levels debate that it is important for economic growth.

“Some argue that eliminating the per-country ceiling would increase the flow of high-skilled immigrants from countries such as India and China, who are often employed in the US technology sector, without increasing the total annual admission of employment-based LPRs,” it added.